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1) The Connections Between Africa and the Abrahamic Religions 2) The Afro-Semitic People 3) Islam’s Penetration Into Egypt 4) Islamization and Arabization in Africa 5) Muslim Control of the Land and Sea in Africa 6) Islam’s Spread Into Sub-Saharan Africa 7) The Development of Trade Routes 8) The Significance of Gold Trading 9) The Phenomenon of ‘Arabtowns’ in Africa 10) The Conversion of African Nobles 11) The Al-Murabitun Movement 12) The Al-Muwahiddun Movement 13) Sufi Orders as Agents for Islamization 14) How Are Sufis Different From Sunnis? 15) Popcorn Sufis 16) The Sufi View of the Material World 17) Other Sufi Orders 18) The End of the Muslim Trade Monopoly
In a beautiful courtyard at the Dar al Islam Teachers’ Institute in New Mexico, Sulayman Nyang discusses the development of Islam in Africa beginning with the first migration of Muslims to Abyssinia up to their expansion into Spain. Dr. Nyang, a historian, professor and author of several books on Islam, begins by looking at how and why Islam crossed the Red Sea into Africa and how the Muslim civilization rapidly became a thriving world power. A brief historical background of Egypt is discussed in order to provide a context for understanding the spread of Islam across North Africa, and the phenomenon of “Arabization” and “Islamization” are examined as a means for the spread of Islam south of the Sahara. The speaker also covers the Berbers in Libya and their assimilation into Arab culture, the establishment of the Muslim naval power and the various Sufi movements that played key roles in this profound expansion. Other topics discussed: links between Africa and the Abrahamic faiths, Afro-Semitic people, development of trade routes, significance of gold trading, Arabtowns, conversion of African nobles, and the Al-Murabitun and Al-Muwahiddun movements. (Duration: 1 hour, 18 min) This lecture is the first part of a session covering Africa and Spain. The second part is entitled “The History of Islam in Spain”.